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阿片类药物成瘾和过量的治疗

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ID: ANH21246chis
医学动画文字记录:阿片类药物是处方药,用于治疗中度或重度疼痛。海洛因是一种非法毒品,也是一种阿片类药物。阿片类药物成瘾是一种大脑疾病,导致人对药物有强烈的渴望。尽管这种药物可能会给人带来伤害,但仍难以戒掉它。阿片类药物成瘾的一种重要治疗方法被称为药物辅助治疗(MAT)。MAT是一种全患者治疗方法,将药物治疗与咨询和行为治疗相结合,帮助人停止使用阿片类药物。三种常用的用于治疗阿片类药物成瘾的药物是美沙酮、丁丙诺啡和纳曲酮。在大脑中,每种药物与上瘾的阿片类药物附着在细胞相同的受体上。美沙酮激活受体,但它是一种比其他阿片类药物作用更慢的药物,因为按处方使用时它需要更长的时间到达大脑。这样可以减少兴奋感,预防出现戒断症状。丁丙诺啡是一种比成瘾性阿片类药物更弱的药物,因为它不仅能同样强烈地激活受体。它还会阻止其他阿片类物质附着在受体上。因此,它减少了对易令人上瘾的阿片类药物的渴望,而不会让人感到兴奋。纳曲酮通过附着在阿片类受体上阻断阿片类受体,因此成瘾的阿片类药物不能与受体结合。这可以防止其他让人兴奋的阿片类药物起作用。它确实能减少对药物的渴望,但并不能消除戒断症状。药物治疗与行为治疗相结合更有效。这些治疗可以帮助人处理可能引发对阿片类药物渴望的压力和生活事件。阿片类药物过量是一种服用过量药物可能导致危及生命的情况。如果发现吸毒过量,请立即拨打急救电话。如果发现患者停止呼吸,就开始CPR。药物过量的主要治疗方法是纳洛酮。它是一种可注射药物或鼻腔喷雾剂,可快速阻断阿片类药物的作用。你可以通过在可能的情况下服用非阿片类药物止痛,按照处方服用阿片类药物,并按照医生的建议进行物理治疗或锻炼来帮助控制疼痛,从而帮助预防阿片类药物成瘾和过量。有关治疗阿片类药物成瘾和过量的更多信息,请咨询医生。

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