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肥胖治疗:药物和减肥手术

ID: ANH17188chis
医学动画文字记录:治疗肥胖。药物治疗和减肥手术。如果你的身体质量指数(BMI)为30或以上,或者为27或以上且患有与肥胖相关的疾病,如糖尿病或高血压,你可能需要服用减肥药物。一些减肥药会抑制身体对食物中脂肪的吸收。另一些减肥药物的作用是让你感觉不那么饿。如果你的BMI为40或以上,或者为35或以上且患有肥胖相关的疾病,医生可能会建议你进行减肥手术。在袖状胃切除术过程中,医生会切除你的大部分胃。这样就剩下了一个更小的袖状管,大约香蕉大小,叫做胃袖。胃袖越小,承装的食物越少,饱腹感越快。在可调节胃束带手术中,医生会在胃的顶部放置一根束带。这样就形成了一个小袋子来装食物。因此,当你吃比平时更少的食物时,你就会感到饱。在另一种称为Roux-en-Y胃旁路术的外科手术中,医生会用缝合钉闭合胃的顶部。这样会形成一个小袋。然后小肠的一部分会附着在小胃袋上。这种新的吻合绕过了胃的大部分和小肠的一部分,食物的大部分营养在后者吸收。因此,你会吃更少的食物,你的身体也不会吸收那么多。在减肥手术之后,重要的是要遵照医生建议的饮食指南,并保持运动。如果你对治疗肥胖的药物或外科手术有任何疑问,请咨询医生。

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