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母乳喂养

ID: ANH00034chis
"母乳喂养是一种用母亲自己的乳汁喂养婴儿的方式。 母乳由乳腺产生。从乳腺通过乳管到达乳头的开口。当婴儿吮吸乳房时,身体会释放催乳激素和催产素。催乳素控制乳汁的分泌。催产素通过乳管控制乳汁的释放或排出。 母乳喂养对婴儿有很多好处,比如提供最佳的营养平衡,提供抗体来支持婴儿的免疫系统,降低婴儿患哮喘、过敏、绞痛、肥胖、腹泻和某些耳和肺感染的风险,提供容易消化的营养,降低婴儿患婴儿猝死综合征的风险。 母乳喂养也在很多方面对你有好处,比如给你一个方便且经济的方式来喂养婴儿,帮助你减肥,帮助子宫收缩,增加你和婴儿之间的联系。 有四种基本的母乳喂养姿势:摇篮保持姿势,侧卧姿势,交叉摇篮保持姿势和足球保持姿势。 婴儿天生就有张开嘴舔你乳头的本能。为了激发这种本能,你可以将乳头从婴儿的鼻子下面到嘴唇之间轻轻摩擦。当婴儿张开嘴巴时,将乳头朝向上颚,将婴儿拉向乳房。可能需要一些时间,让婴儿学会将嘴巴靠近乳头或含住乳头。当正确含住乳头时,婴儿的嘴巴会覆盖住你的乳头和大部分乳晕,也就是乳头周围变暗的区域,婴儿的嘴唇会向外卷曲,鼻子会碰到你的乳房。你应该在吞咽的时候听到平滑、有规律的吮吸声。 只要婴儿想要,就让她/他吃母乳。许多新生儿每天需要哺乳8~12次。"

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